Alita. Door Hinges. September 21st , 2017.
If dealing with cabinet doors the type of hinge you use will depend on the door type. There are three door types; lipped, flush and overlay. A lipped door has a lip cut around it and works well with most hinges. A flush door rests within the frame and works well with butterfly hinges. A butterfly hinge works like a butt hinge but is hung on the outside and is more ornamental ranging in styles from colonial to art deco. The pivot hinge is made for overlay doors. One is mounted on the top and the other on the bottom with portions of each bent over and mounted to the frame and door resulting in a concealed hinge. Perhaps the most popular hinge is the spring mounted hinge. Fitted with a small spring inside this door hinge allows the door to close on its own, automatically.
Some are shaped like butterflies and others you cant even see. Some open with a pivot and others close automatically. There are many types of cabinet door hinge available, but we often dont even look at them in our own homes. We should because without them our daily lives would be harder. Hinges are generally eight to ten times stronger than the job they are assigned. So if your front door was off its hinges you have to have the strength to move it yourself. That is why before the hinge was in use many people entered their homes by climbing up a ladder and going through a hole in the roof.
Most doors today are sold pre-hung, with hinges on them, when you get a new door it usually comes with factory standard door hinges. If you are remodeling you want to make sure the new door hinges fit the style of all the other ones in the house. Thankfully they are easy to swap out. The holes for door hinges are usually standard as long as you buy the same size that you had previously. The door hinges you have will likely have either two or three holes. How you change the door hinges depends on which style you have.
Another type of door hinge that is similar to a butt hinge is the butterfly hinge. It also has two flaps or leaves held together by a pin, but instead of being recessed into the door and frame, they are mounted on the outside and when opened have the appearance of a butterfly in flight. These door hinges are highly decorative ranging in style from colonial to art deco and are used only on flush doors, usually for cabinets. T-strap door hinges are more commonly seen on garage doors or boxes because they lift up rather than out. So named because they are shaped like the letter T, the horizontal part attaches to the frame and the vertical part to the door. These hinges can also be plain and functional or ornamental.
You should put the first screw in at this point, at the top of the door. Make sure someone is holding up the weight of the door (or keep it on shims) so the weight doesnt pull that screw out. Close the door and make sure it shuts properly. It should be hitting the strike plate evenly. If not, adjust the shim placement until you have even amounts of space all the way around and the door seems to be evenly set. Immediately put a screw in the bottom door hinges. This will make sure you have the door hinges lined up in a manner that will allow the door to open and close correctly.
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