Calandre. Door Hinges. September 28th , 2017.
Unlike the old days when door hinges were made of iron, brass or steel, todays hinges come in an array of materials and finishes. Thanks to modern manufacturing techniques, most of these finishes are maintenance free. Left alone, they wont tarnish, rust or fail over time. What do begin to fail are the screws that hold the door hinges on the door and the frame. The stresses and strains of everyday openings begin to loosen the screws. This is particularly true on heavier doors that are either left open a lot or bear lots of traffic.
No matter what type of door is being installed, a hinge of some type is necessary. Hinge designs include butt hinges, spring hinges, geared continuous hinges and a myriad of utility hinge designs. Which one you purchase depends on the location and function of the door. A quality hinge provides long-lasting functionality which saves in repair costs and time. Although steel is one of the most common materials for hinges, they can also be manufactured from brass, bronze or aluminum. However, even when the hinge is constructed of brass or bronze, the pins on a high-quality hinge are still manufactured from steel for increased durability. In addition, hinges designed for the heaviest of doors and highest usage typically are only made in steel due to its strength and durability.
If dealing with cabinet doors the type of hinge you use will depend on the door type. There are three door types; lipped, flush and overlay. A lipped door has a lip cut around it and works well with most hinges. A flush door rests within the frame and works well with butterfly hinges. A butterfly hinge works like a butt hinge but is hung on the outside and is more ornamental ranging in styles from colonial to art deco. The pivot hinge is made for overlay doors. One is mounted on the top and the other on the bottom with portions of each bent over and mounted to the frame and door resulting in a concealed hinge. Perhaps the most popular hinge is the spring mounted hinge. Fitted with a small spring inside this door hinge allows the door to close on its own, automatically.
Geared continuous hinges are most often found in steel or aluminum. Lighter weight continuous piano hinges are often made of brass. The heavy duty commercial hinges distribute weight and stress along the full length of door and frame, thus preventing misaligned pivot points of individual hinges. Buyers should look for high quality hinges from well-known manufacturers. Cheaper products provide inferior performance and will require repair and replacement long before a higher grade hinge. Companies such as Stanley even provide a limited lifetime warranty on their commercial grade door hinges.
By and large one of the most important inventions for everyday use isnt very large at all. Because of cabinet door hinges we are able to store things away behind doors that previously would have been on shelves. Although originally used in 1600 B.C., the Romans adapted the hinge for home use. Flash forward to the American colonies and hinges were used everywhere. Eventually they were outfitted for the doors of wagons heading west most prominently by Charles Hager in St. Louis. He founded the present day Hager Hardware Company and in the 1900s received a patent for the compact butt hinge and the rest as they say is history.
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